Solve your doubts about dental implants
These are the most common questions that patients usually ask about an intervention with implants.
Dental implants are the most appropriate treatment for situations in which one or more teeth are missing, since they allow restitution of aesthetics and functionality by replacing not only the external part, as would be the case with a traditional bridge, but also the natural root by an artificial root, which allows to preserve the bone in the long term and keep the morphology of the face.
Dental Implants that are well osseointegrated to the bone and support an adequate prosthetic load can last a lifetime as long as the patient observes good hygiene and follows the protocol of follow-up visits prescribed by their dentist.
In the postoperative period they can give problems of bad or poor osseointegration during the first months after placement (which is more frequent in smokers), but once osseointegrated, the implants will only give problems related to an inadequate prosthesis that overloads them and compromises their function; or damage resulting from not maintaining good oral hygiene or not following the maintenance controls that the dentist recommends. They are, therefore, just like natural teeth.
They require, like any natural teeth, a good hygiene and to follow the guidelines of control and maintenance that the dentist proposes in each particular case.
Placement is always done under local anesthesia or with intravenous sedation in the most complex cases. The patient will not feel the pain if the dose of anesthesia is adequate.
Titanium is a very biocompatible material, which is commonly used in many human prostheses (hip, knee, etc.), so it is quite rare to give problems of body rejection or allergies. Dental implants can be lost due to poor osseointegration. In this case, they must be replaced.
Certain diseases are contraindicated, so you should inform your dentist of your health condition.
It is an ambulatory surgery, the patient can return to normal activity after the intervention, always taking the precautions and advice that the surgeon explains. In the postoperative period there may be inflammation and discomfort of varying degrees depending on each person. Antibiotics should be taken to prevent a possible infection of the wound and observe a scrupulous cleaning of the stitches, always following the instructions of the dentist. It is important to avoid tobacco, especially until the complete healing of wound.
In the postoperative period, discomforts derived from surgery may arise, such as inflammation, face bruising or bleeding. This can occur in more complex surgeries, full rehabilitation, or bone regeneration treatments. On the other hand, in the case of single implants or simple surgeries it is likely that there are hardly any discomforts and the patient feels perfectly normal right after the surgery.
The prosthetic solutions are diverse depending on the materials used and the chosen fixation system. They can be resin prostheses, which are usually removable, or ceramic / zirconium prostheses, which offer a higher quality and duration and can be fixed to the implants. The fixed implant supported prosthesis can be screwed or cemented. It is important that your dentist gives you complete information beforehand about the type of prosthesis that suits you best.